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Spanish Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Present Tense
Present Tense: "Yo" Form ending -go

©RCAguilar

OBJECTIVE:
Concentrate on the -go ending for various very important verbs in Spanish. Most importantly take note of which verbs actually DO use this ending, and become familiar with their use as the root of larger verb families.
TASK:
Especially concentrate on the "yo" form with these, as it is the only form which takes the -go ending.
PERPLEXED?
Yeah, well ... it'll take a while. But we're trying to make this as painless as possible. It's not as bad as going to the dentist or anything. Just a little concentrated effort will get all of this memorized in no time. Better yet, ... take a trip to Mexico!
Wat's up with this weird one?
This set of verbs is extremely crucial in dealing with diligently from the get-go. They require a great deal of study for almost every one of their conjugated forms.
The yo form -go ending will transfer into the subjunctive as the stem for its conjugated forms.
A difficult area for dealing with these verbs is knowing WHEN to use the other variants of a verb's category. Some of them require stem changes (e-i or e-ie), and not all of these forms remain standard.
Work on these forms mainly be repeating, repeating, using, using, making up sentences, making up phrases, making up conversations, making up anything it takes to get each form down!

 
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VERB CONJUGATION
Indicative Mood
Present Tense
Regular -ar Verbs
Regular -er Verbs
Regular -ir Verbs
Stem e -> ie
Stem o -> ue
Stem e -> i
Stem iar: i ->
Stem uar: u ->
Stem uir: i -> y
Stem ger/gir: g -> j
Yo form -oy
Yo form -zco
Yo form -go
Imperfect Tense
AR Verbs
ER & IR Verbs
Preterite Tense
Regular AR Verbs
Ending -car
Ending -gar
Ending -zar
ER/IR Verbs
ER/IR Verbs vowel Stem
IR Stem-changers
Irregular Stems
Future Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Conditional Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Progressive Tenses
Perfect Tenses

Reference
Subject Pronouns
yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In some countries in Central & South America vos is used instead of .

Reflexive Pronouns
me nos
te os
se se

Direct Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las

Indirect Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
le les
Verbs with Yo form ending in -go
Some verbs have an irregular -go ending for the yo form in the present tense:
ignore
English
Deutsch
ER hacer   to do, make machen, tun
poner   to put, place stellen, stecken
tener
(e -> ie)
to have haben
valer   to value, be worth lohnen, gelten
 
IR decir
e -> i
to say, tell sagen
salir   to leave, go out ausgehen
venir
(e -> ie)
to come kommen
 
There are no AR verbs for this category.
This change only occurs in the yo form for these verbs.
All other forms of these verbs are conjugated normally.
Drop the -er or the -ir: That's the stem !!
Present tense: -go verb
Yo form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir from the end of the infinitive and add -go to the stem*.
 
Infinitive
Yo form
English equivalents
Deutsch
ER
hacer hago * I do, make I do do, make I'm doing, making
ich mache, tue
poner pongo I put, place I do put, place I'm putting, placing
ich stelle
tener (e-ie) tengo I have I do have I'm having
ich habe
valer valgo I am worth
ich gelte
IR
decir (e-i) digo ** I say, tell I do say, tell I'm saying, telling
ich sage
salir salgo I leave, go out I do leave, go out I'm leaving, going out
ich gehe aus
venir (e-ie) vengo I come I do come I'm coming
ich komme
* The verbs hacer and satisfacer lose the C in the formation of the yo form.
** Stems changes are normally ignored for the yo form. The verb decir maintains the e -> i stem-change within the formation of the yo form.
This is important to realize, because the present tense yo form is the basis for forming present subjunctive forms.
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -go ending says I am doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The YO is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say YO.
If you do add the YO, it usually adds emphasis, saying I dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Present tense: -go verb
form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir and follow the pattern for regular ER & IR verbs.
If the verb has a stem-change, remember to use it !!!
 
Infinitive
Tú form
English equivalents
Deutsch
ER
hacer haces you do, make you do do, make you´re doing, making
du machst, tust
poner pones you put, place you do put, place you´re putting, placing
du stellst
tener (e-ie) tienes you have you do have you´re having
du hast
valer vales you are worth
du giltst
IR
decir (e-i) dices you say, tell you do say, tell you´re saying, telling
du sagst
salir sales you leave, go out you do leave, go out you´re leaving, going out
du gehst aus
venir (e-ie) vienes you come you do come you´re coming
du kommst
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -es ending says you are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say .
If you do add the , it usually adds emphasis, saying I dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Present tense: -go verb
Él form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir and follow the pattern for regular ER & IR verbs.
 
Infinitive
l form
English equivalents
Deutsch
ER
hacer hace he does, makes he does do, make he's doing, making
er macht, tut
poner pone he puts, places he does put, place he's putting, placing
er stellt
tener (e-ie) *tiene he has he does have he's having
er hat
valer vale he is worth
er gilt
IR
decir (e-i) *dice he says, tells he does say, tell he's saying, telling
er sagt
salir sale he leaves, goes out he does leave, go out he's leaving, going out
er geht aus
venir (e-ie) *viene he comes he does come he's coming
er kommt
* Don't forget to follow the patterns for stem-changing verbs!
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -e ending says he is doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The ÉL is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say ÉL.
If you do add the ÉL, it usually adds emphasis, saying he doooes ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Present tense: -go verb
Ella form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir and follow the pattern for regular ER & IR verbs.
 
Infinitive
l form
English equivalents
Deutsch
ER
hacer hace she does, makes she does do, make she's doing, making
er macht, tut
poner pone she puts, places she does put, place she's putting, placing
er stellt
tener (e-ie) *tiene she has she does have she's having
er hat
valer vale she is worth
er gilt
IR
decir (e-i) *dice she says, tells she does say, tell she's saying, telling
er sagt
salir sale she leaves, goes out she does leave, go out she's leaving, going out
er geht aus
venir (e-ie) *viene she comes she does come she's coming
er kommt
* Don't forget to follow the patterns for stem-changing verbs!
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -e ending says she is doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The ELLA is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say ELLA.
If you do add the ELLA, it usually adds emphasis, saying she doooes ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Present tense: -go verb
Usted form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir and follow the pattern for regular ER & IR verbs.
 
Infinitive
Usted form
English equivalents
Deutsch
ER
hacer hace you do, make you do do, make you're doing, making
Sie machen, tun
poner pone you put, place you do put, place you're putting, placing
Sie stellen
tener (e-ie) *tiene you have you do have you're having
Sie haben
valer vale you are worth
Sie gelten
IR
decir (e-i) *dice you say, tell you do say, tell you're saying, telling
Sie sagen
salir sale you leave, go out you do leave, go out you're leaving, going out
Sie gehen aus
venir (e-ie) *viene you come you do come you're coming
Sie kommen
* Don't forget to follow the patterns for stem-changing verbs!
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -e ending says you are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The USTED is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say USTED.
If you do add the USTED, it usually adds emphasis, saying you dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Present tense: -go verb
Nosotros & Nosotras form
The nosotros form of these verbs is not affected, and they are conjugated as regular verbs.
 
Infinitive
Nosotros form
English equivalents
Deutsch
ER
hacer hacemos we do, make we do do, make we're doing, making
wir machen, tun
poner ponemos we put, place we do put, place we're putting, placing
wir stellen
tener (e-ie) tenemos we have we do have we're having
wir haben
valer valemos we are worth
wir gelten
IR
decir (e-i) decimos we say, tell we do say, tell we're saying, telling
wir sagen
salir salimos we leave, go out we do leave, go out we're leaving, going out
wir gehen aus
venir (e-ie) venimos we come we do come we're coming
wir kommen
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -mos ending says we are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The NOSOTROS is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say NOSOTROS.
If you do add the NOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying we dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Present tense: -go verb
Vosotros & Vosotras form
The vosotros form of these verbs is not affected, and they are conjugated as regular verbs.
 
Infinitive
Vosotros form
English equivalents
Deutsch
ER
hacer hacéis y'all do, make y'all do do, make y'all are doing, making
ihr macht, tut
poner ponéis y'all put, place y'all do put, place y'all are putting, placing
ihr stellt
tener (e-ie) tenéis y'all have y'all do have y'all are having
ihr habt
valer valéis y'all are worth
ihr geltet
IR
decir (e-i) decís y'all say, tell y'all do say, tell y'all are saying, telling
ihr sagt
salir salís y'all leave, go out y'all do leave, go out y'all are leaving, going out
ihr geht aus
venir (e-ie) venís y'all come y'all do come y'all are coming
ihr kommt
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -éis or -ís ending says y'all are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The VOSOTROS is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say VOSOTROS.
If you do add the VOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying y'all dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Present tense: -go verb
Ellos form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir from the end of the infinitive and add the appropriate ending.
 
Infinitive
Ellos form
English equivalents
Deutsch
ER
hacer hacen they do, make they do do, make they're doing, making
sie machen, tun
poner ponen they put, place they do put, place they're putting, placing
sie stellen
tener (e-ie) *tienen they have they do have they're having
sie haben
valer valen they are worth
sie gelten
IR
decir (e-i) *dicen they say, tell they do say, tell they're saying, telling
sie sagen
salir salen they leave, go out they do leave, go out they're leaving, going out
sie gehen aus
venir (e-ie) *vienen they come they do come they're coming
sie kommen
* Don't forget to follow the patterns for stem-changing verbs!
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
The en ending can tell you that a they is doing it, and it's being done NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, you have to identify the subject.
That means: you have to provide the ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say ellos in every sentence.
If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying THEY dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Present tense: -go verb
Ellas form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir from the end of the infinitive and add the appropriate ending.
 
Infinitive
Ellas form
English equivalents
Deutsch
ER
hacer hacen they do, make they do do, make they're doing, making
sie machen, tun
poner ponen they put, place they do put, place they're putting, placing
sie stellen
tener (e-ie) *tienen they have they do have they're having
sie haben
valer valen they are worth
sie gelten
IR
decir (e-i) *dicen they say, tell they do say, tell they're saying, telling
sie sagen
salir salen they leave, go out they do leave, go out they're leaving, going out
sie gehen aus
venir (e-ie) *vienen they come they do come they're coming
sie kommen
* Don't forget to follow the patterns for stem-changing verbs!
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
The en ending can tell you that a they is doing it, and it's being done NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, you have to identify the subject.
That means: you have to provide the ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say ellas in every sentence.
If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying THEY dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Present tense: -go verb
Ustedes form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir from the end of the infinitive and add the appropriate ending.
 
Infinitive
Ustedes form
English equivalents
Deutsch
ER
hacer hacen you do, make you do do, make you're doing, making
Sie machen, tun
poner ponen you put, place you do put, place you're putting, placing
Sie stellen
tener (e-ie) *tienen you have you do have you're having
Sie haben
valer valen you are worth
Sie gelten
IR
decir (e-i) *dicen you say, tell you do say, tell you're saying, telling
Sie sagen
salir salen you leave, go out you do leave, go out you're leaving, going out
Sie gehen aus
venir (e-ie) *vienen you come you do come you're coming
Sie kommen
* Don't forget to follow the patterns for stem-changing verbs!
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -en ending says you are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, you have to identify the subject.
That means: you have to provide the ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say ustedes in every sentence.
If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying YOU dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES